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The levels of grass are varied to increase difficulty, or to allow for putting in the case of the green.While many holes are designed with a direct line-of-sight from the teeing area to the green, some holes may bend either to the left or to the right.
Another early game that resembled modern golf was known as cambuca in England and chambot in France.The game is played on a course with an arranged progression of either nine or 18 holes.Each hole on the course must contain a tee box to start from, and a putting green containing the actual hole or cup (4.25 inches in width).This is commonly called a "dogleg", in reference to a dog's knee.The hole is called a "dogleg left" if the hole angles leftwards and "dogleg right" if it bends right.Stroke play is the most commonly seen format at all levels.
trace the sport back to the Roman game of paganica, in which participants used a bent stick to hit a stuffed leather ball.
There are other standard forms of terrain in between, such as the fairway, rough (long grass), sand traps, and hazards (water, rocks, fescue) but each hole on a course is unique in its specific layout and arrangement.
Golf is played for the lowest number of strokes by an individual, known as stroke play, or the lowest score on the most individual holes in a complete round by an individual or team, known as match play.
One theory asserts that paganica spread throughout Europe as the Romans conquered most of the continent, during the first century BC, and eventually evolved into the modern game.
A Ming Dynasty scroll dating back to 1368 entitled "The Autumn Banquet" shows a member of the Chinese Imperial court swinging what appears to be a golf club at a small ball with the aim of sinking it into a hole.
Sometimes, a hole's direction may bend twice; this is called a "double dogleg".