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The cartridge contains a pair of electrodes and propellant for a single shot (or three shots in the X3 model) and is replaced after each use.There are a number of cartridges designated by range, with the maximum at 35 feet (10.6 m).
It fires two small dart-like electrodes, which stay connected to the main unit by conductors, to deliver electric current to disrupt voluntary control of muscles causing "neuromuscular incapacitation".Tasers were introduced as non-lethal weapons for police to use to subdue fleeing, belligerent, or potentially dangerous people, who would have otherwise been subjected to more lethal weapons such as firearms.A 2009 Police Executive Research Forum study said that officer injuries drop by 76% when a Taser is used."Drive Stun" is "the process of using the EMD (Electro Muscular Disruption) weapon [Taser] as a pain compliance technique.This is done by activating the Taser and placing it against an individual's body.A Las Vegas police document says "The Drive Stun causes significant localized pain in the area touched by the Taser, but does not have a significant effect on the central nervous system.
The Drive Stun does not incapacitate a subject but may assist in taking a subject into custody." involved university police officers using their Taser's "Drive Stun" capability (referred to as a "contact tase" in the University of Florida Offense Report).
On July 27, 2009 Taser International released a new type of Taser called the X3, which can fire three shots before reloading.
It holds three new type cartridges, which are much thinner than the previous model.
By 1974, Cover had completed the device, which he named after his childhood hero Tom Swift (book "Thomas A.
Swift's electric rifle", by "Victor Appleton", a house pseudonym of the Stratemeyer Syndicate). Taser International CEO Patrick Smith has testified in a Taser-related lawsuit that the catalyst for the development of the device was the "shooting death of two of his high school acquaintances" by a "guy with a legally licensed gun who lost his temper".
This can be done without an air cartridge in place or after an air cartridge has been deployed." The guidelines were issued by a joint committee of the Police Executive Research Forum and the U. Department of Justice Office of Community Oriented Policing Services. police and sheriff departments found that 29.6% of the jurisdictions allowed the use of Drive Stun for gaining compliance in a passive resistance arrest scenario, with no physical contact between the officer and the subject.